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Monday, July 16, 2018
  | -- Yesterday -- | 

1099Crusaders capture Jerusalem amid great slaughter, c. 40,000 die
1410Battle of Tannenburg: Poles and Lithuanians trounce Teutonic Knights
1648Rebel leader Masaniello is murdered by a Spanish agent in Naples
1761Vellinghuasen: Austrian night attack defeats the French by the 16th
1779"Mad" Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, NY, at bayonet point
1795The Marseillaise becomes the French national anthem
1815Napoleon Bonaparte surrenders to the British
1862CSS Arkansas vs USS Cardondelet & Queen of the West, at Yazoo Pass
1864Confederate P/W train collides with a coal train, 65 die, 109 injured
1869Margarine patented by Hippolye Mega-Mouris, for use by the French Navy
1870Congress establishes the Navy Pay Corps, later the Supply Corps.
1900Anglo-Boer War: Steyn and De Wet escape from Brandwater Basin
1907Turret blast in battleship Georgia leaves 10 dead, 27 injured
1916William Boeing founds an aircraft company in Seattle
1918Second Battle of Marne begins
1937Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
1942Sub Grunion sinks 3 Japanese sub chasers and a ship in the Aleutians
1943Daylight air battle, Central Solomons, Japanese lose 45 a/c to 3 US.
1944Heavy fighting in the Aitape area of New Guinea.
1944Greenwich Observatory damaged by V-1 flying bomb
1945U.S. BBs raid the Japanese Home Islands, shell Kamamishi
1958Marines in Lebanon, to support government against rebels (leave October).
1974Greek extremists depose Archbishop Makarios as president of Cyprus
  Today in Military History 

Jul 16, 2018
622 The Hadj: Mohammed flees Mecca for Medina - Islamic Calendar begins
1054The Great Schism between Western and Eastern Christianity
1099Crusaders herd Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue & set it afire
1212Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa; end of Moslem domination of Spain
1429Joan of Arc leads French army in Battle of Orleans
1683Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa attack Vienna
1857Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
1861Skirmish at Millsville/Wentzville, Mo
1862David G. Farragut is named the first Rear Admiral in the USN
1894Many Negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners
1912RAdm Bradley Fiske receives a patent for the airborne torpedo.
1912Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patented by B.A. Fiske
1920Gen Amos Fries appointed First US Chief of Chemical Warfare
1940Hitler orders preparations for "Operation Sea Lion";
1944Australian surface warships shell Japanese near Aitape, New Guinea.
1945Trinity: the first Atomic Bomb is tested in New Mexico.
1946US sentences 46 SS-men to death for Malmedy
1951King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates under pressure about collaboration
1957Marine Maj John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record (03:28:08)
1962NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,600 m
1969Apollo 11 leaves for the Moon
1985F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record of 1152 kph (716 mph)
  | -- Tomorrow -- | 

663 Constans II leaves Rome, the last Roman Emperor to visit
1245Pope excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Frederik II, for the third time
1453Castillon, ast battle of the 100 Years' War: French defeat the English
1549Jews are expelled from Ghent, Belgium
1762Catherine the Great becomes ruler of Russia, by murdering Peter III
1812USS Constitution escapes a British sqn after 3 day chase off New Jersey
1815Napoleon surrenders to the British at Rochefort
1858U.S. Sloop-of-War Niagara assists laying of the first Atlantic cable.
1861Skirmish at Scarrytown, WVva
1861Skirmish at Martinsburg, Mo
1861Skirmish at Fulton, Mo
1861Skirmish at Bunker Hill, Va
1862US army authorized to accept blacks as laborers
1862Skirmish at Columbia, TN
1862Naval Engagement at Pascagoula River, MS
1862John Hunt Morgan raids Cynthiana, KY
1863Honey Springs: largest Civil War battle in the Indian Territory
1864Jefferson Davis replaces Gen Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood in Georgia
1898Spanish American War: Spanish surrender Santiago to the US
1903Joint Army and Navy Board formed.
1917British Royals change their name from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor
1927USMC pilots conduct first combat dive bombing, Ocotal, Nicaraguan.
1936Military coup in Spain, will lead to Civil War
1942MacArthur issues orders to occupy Buna, northeastern Papua.
1942Amphib Force, SoPac Area, is established under Richmond Kelly Turner
1943U.S. destroyers shell Kiska.
1943RAF bombs German rocket research base at Pennemunde, on the Baltic
1944Two ammunition ships at Port Chicago, California, explode, 322 die
1944Japanese Navy Minister Shimada, resigns, bringing down Tojo government.
1944Heavy fighting in the Aitape area, New Guinea.
1945Truman, Stalin, and Attlee begin the Potsdam Conference
1945Third Fleet undertakes surface and air attacks on targets near Tokyo.
1962Robert White in X-15 sets altitude record of 108 km (354,300 ft)