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Friday, August 23, 2019
  | -- Yesterday -- | 

1454Jews are expelled from Bruno, Moravia by order of King Ladislaus
1485Battle of Bosworth Field: Henry VII defeats Richard III
1642English Civil War begins: King Charles I takes up arms against Parliament
1707Daun's Austrians invest Gaeta (stormed, September 30)
1775King George III proclaims his American colonies to be in open rebellion
1791Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman
1848U.S. Grant marries Julia Dent, with James Longstreet as best man.
1851First America's Cup Race, won by the schooner America
1862Santee Sioux Indians attack Fort Ridgely
1862Battle of Catlett's Station, Va
1864Geneva Convention: 12 nations establish the International Red Cross
1877Nez Perce Indians flee to Yellowstone National Park
1910Japan annexes Korea
1942Army P-400s land at Henderson field from New Caledonia.
1942Savo: Japanese DD Kawakaze torpedoes US DD Blue, towed to Tulagi.
1942Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan, & Italy
1943U.S. destroyers shell Finschhafen, in eastern New Guinea.
1943Soviet troops free Karkov
1943Marines occupy undefended Nukufetau in the Ellice Islands.
1944Japanese counterattack the Salween, Burma, but repelled by Chinese.
1944Japanese abandon Ulithi in the Carolines.
1962Failed assassination attempt agains Charles De Gaulle
  Today in Military History 

Aug 23, 2019
476 Odoacer elected "King" of Italy by Germanic barbarians
1268Conradin of Hohenstaufen defeated by the Angevins at Tagliacozzo
1328King Philip VI of France, crowned
1813Battle of Grossbeeren: Prussians under von Bulow repulse French
1821Mexico declares independence from Spain
1828Brazil defeats Argentina in the naval battle of Chico Bank
1839British take Hong Kong
1864Fall of Ft Morgan at Mobile, AL
1866Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian/Italian war
1914Japan declares war on Germany in World War I
1916Military court of Berlin sentences Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
1929Arabs attack Jews in Israel
1939Nazi-Soviet Pact: Hitler and Stalin form an alliance
1940German Luftwaffe begins night raids on London
1942U.S. recon a/c spot Japanese force intent on reinforcing Guadalcanal.
1942U.S. destroyer Blue (damaged on the 22nd) is scuttled at Tulagi.
1942The U.S. 40th Infantry Div begins leaving San Francisco for Hawaii.
1942Japanese cruisers and destroyers shell Nauru.
1942Battle of Stalingrad begins
1942At night Japanese destroyers shell the Marines on Guadalcanal.
1943Red army recaptures Karkow
1943Japanese sub I-25 reconnoiters Espiritu Santo with a small scout plane.
1944Romania liberated from Nazi occupation, King Michael abdicates
19446th Marine Div begins forming on Guadalcanal.
1945Soviet troops occupy Paramushiro, in the Kuriles.
1948Count Bernadotte asks aid for fugitives to Palestine
1990Armenia declares independence of the Soviet Union
  | -- Tomorrow -- | 

79 Mt Vesuvius erupts, burying Pompeii & Herculaneum
410 Alaric and the Visigoths being a three-day sack Rome
1349Jews of Cologne set themselves on fire to avoid baptism
1349Blamed for the plague, 6,000 Jews are killed in Mainz
1391Jews of Palma, Majorca, massacred
1412Venetians defeat the Hungarians at Matta, Friulia
1572St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre; French Catholics slaughter Protestants
1704Naval battle off Malaga
17891st Battle of Ruotsinaslami/Svenksund: Russian fleets defeats Swedes
1814British burn Washington.
1814Sir George Cockburn eats Pres. Madison's dinner in the White House
1904Battle of Liao-Yang; Japanese defeat Russians
1921British airship R-38 crashes in the Humber; 44 die
1921Battle of Sakara begins between Turkey & Greece
1929Palestinians attack orthodox Jews in Jerusalem
1937Spanish Republican offensive at Belchite
1941British and Soviet troops invade pro-Axis Iran
1942Nocturnal Japanese destroyer raid to Henderson Field
1942SNLF troops land in the Goodenough Islands, off northeastern New Guinea.
194211 Enterprise dive bombers reinforce Henderson Field.
1942Eastern Solomons: Saratoga a/c sink Ryujo, Enterprise is damaged.
1943Lord Louis Montbatten appoined Supreme Allied Commander, Southeast Asia.
1944Br Far Eastern Fleet carriers raid Padang, in southwestern Sumatra.
1945Red Chinese forces occupy Chefoo and Wei-hai-wei.
1949North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) established
1970Bomb kills one at U of Wisconsin's Army Math Research Center in Madison
1991Ukraine declares independence from USSR
1991Gorbachev resigns as head of Communist Party of the USSR