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Tuesday, October 27, 2020
  | -- Yesterday -- | 

1825Erie Canal opens
1860Garibaldi meets Victor Emanuel II at Teano, uniting Italy
1861Last ride of the Pony Express
1861Combat at Romney, WVa
1863International Red Cross organized in Geneva
1864Union troops ambush & kill 'Bloody' Bill Anderson in Richmond, MI
1868White terrorists kill several blacks in St Bernard Parish, La
1881Gunfight at the OK Corral, in Tombstone, Az
1899Anglo-Boer War: Yule's troops from Dundee reach Ladysmith
1905Union of Sweden & Norway ends; Swedes decline to resist secession
1912First Balkan War: Serbian troops capture Skopje
1913Huerta elects himself president of Mexico
1917Communist Coup in Russia [Nov 7 N.S.]
1922LtCdr Godfrey Chevalier makes first underway carrier landing, Langley
1942Santa Cruz Islands: CV Hornet out of action, Japanese CVs damaged
1942Espiritu Santo: liner President Coolidge hit mine, sinks: only 2 die
1943Chandra Bose forms provisional Indian government, joins Axis.
1944Leyte Gulf: Japan lost 34 major warships, the US six.
1955Ngo Dinh Diem proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as president
1957USSR fires defense minister, Marshal Georgi Zhukov
1966Fire aboard USS Oriskany in the Gulf of Tonkin, 43 die
  Today in Military History 

Oct 27, 2020
0 Navy Day
1775US Navy formally established
1787Publication of "The Federalist Papers" begins
1795Treaty of San Lorenzo: US & Spain agree on freedom of navigating on the Mississippi
1810U.S. annexes West Florida from Spain
1830Belgian Revolution: Dutch under Baron Chasse bombard Antwerp
1861Skirmish at Spring Hill, Mo
1861Skirmish at Plattsburg, Mo
1864Siege of Petersburg, VA
1864Lt William Cushing sinks CSS Albemarle with a spar torpedo
1864Battle of Fair Oaks, Va of Newtonia, MI
1864Battle of Boydton Plank Road, VA (Burgess' Mill, Southside Railroad)
1867Garibaldi attempts a march on Rome
1914British battleship Audacious sunk by a mine
1941Nazis establish a gypsy ghetto in Belgrade
1942Battle of the Santa Cruz Is: USS Hornet sinks
1943N.Z. 8th Bde (c. 8,000 men) occupies Mono and Stirling, Treasury Islands
1943Marine 2nd Parachute Bn lands amphibiously on Choiseul
1944Japanese initiate kamikaze attacks on U.S. ships off the Philippines.
1948Israel recaptures Nizzanim in the Negev from Egyptian forces
1954Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. becomes the first black general in USAF
1962Cuban Missile Crisis: The Soviets blink
1978Menachen Begin & Anwar Sadat awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
  | -- Tomorrow -- | 

312 Battle of the Milvian Bridge: Constantine defeats Maxentius
1776Battle of White Plains; Washington retreats to New Jersey
1793Eli Whitney applies for a patent on the cotton gin
1835Mission Concepcion: c. 100 Texians route c. 250 Mexican troops
1864Battle of Wauhatchie, TN
1922Benito Mussolini becomes prime minister of Italy
1940Italy invades Greece from Albania
1940FDR, "Republicans . . . after opposing rearmament for years, are now protesting that the United States is too weak."
1942"Tokyo Express" lands troops on Guadalcanal.
1943Japanese evacuation of Kolombangara ends, 11,000 troops get away.
1944Kamikaze draw first blood, U.S. cruiser is damaged.
1958Angelo Roncalli, former Sergeant of Infantry, elected Pope as John XXIII
1962Khrushchev orders missiles out of from Cuba, ending Missile Crisis
1965Paul VI declares the Jewish do not bear collective guilt for the Crucifixion